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Animal use in science at the University of Toronto

Both animal and human lives have been improved by the use of animals in science. This includes a better understanding of disease and the discovery of treatments. Wildlife and the environment also benefit from fieldwork research of animals and their habitats.听听听

The use of animals in science at 茄子直播 is a privilege. This is embodied in our听rigorous approval听补苍诲听oversight processes听and extensive听training听for those dealing with animals. These are in place to ensure that animals are used ethically and humanely, and only when there are no alternatives.听The University of Toronto continuously meets or exceeds all applicable regulatory requirements.听听听

University of Toronto is approved to use animals in science

CCAC CPA logo

In Canada, the Canadian Council on Animal Care () is the organization that is responsible for setting, maintaining听and overseeing the implementation of high standards for animal ethics and care in science. CCAC certification (Good Animal Practice 鈥 GAP) is mandatory for all Canadian institutions that conduct research with animals and receive funding from the federal granting agencies as well as some provincial funders and charitable organizations. Failure to meet CCAC standards can result in loss of the GAP Certificate and the suspension of federal funding to the University, until the University is recertified.听

The University of Toronto holds a听听(GAP) certificate.听听

The GAP certificate requires that whenever animals are used in science, the institution must adhere to the听three Rs听which are fundamental for animal welfare and are听reviewed for each proposalbefore any animal is used in science.听

Replace animal use in science when suitable alternatives are available
Reduce the number of animals used to the fewest needed
Refine how animals are used to improve animal welfare

In addition to having to hold a GAP certificate, there is also provincial legislation that must be followed. In Ontario, all animal facilities are registered in accordance with the provincial听听which is enforced by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food听and Rural Affairs. Governmental veterinary inspectors perform regular unannounced visits at 茄子直播 and other institutions to assess compliance with the legal requirements.听听

茄子直播 also has a dedicated team听working exclusively on the ethical and humane oversight of animals.听Additionally,听ethics oversight committees, the听University Animal Care Committee (UACC) and听Local Animal Care Committees听(LACC), oversee animal use to ensure it is ethical and humane.

The University of Toronto is committed to the highest standards related to animal use in science and insists on the humane and ethical treatment of any animals used.听Animal studies are not approved when there are suitable non-animal alternatives.听